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Monday, June 10, 2013

കേരള നവോഥാനത്തിന്റെ പുതനവകാശികൾ

GXm\pw \mfp-IÄ¡v ap¼p-\-S¶ AÀtWmkv ]mXncn A\p-kva-cW tbmK-¯nÂ
B ]mXn-cn-bn \n¶mWv {io\m-cm-b-W-Kp-cphpw N«-¼n-kzm-an-Ifpw A¿-¦m-fn-bp-saÃmw
\thm-°m\ Bi-b-§Ä DÄs¡m-s­sX¶v dn«. PÌokv kndn-bIv tPmk^v {]kvXm-hn-¡p-Ibpw B {]kvXm-h\ hmÀ¯m-bm-hp-Ibpap­m-bn. kz´w aXhpw kap-Zm-bhpw Igntª X\n¡v asä-´n-t\mSpw hnt[-bXzapÅq-sh¶v aps¼m-cn-¡Â Xpd¶v {]Jym]n¨v "t]sc-Sp¯'h\mWv kp{]ow tImS-Xn-bnse A[n-Imc Itk-c-bn-en-cp¶ Cu ap³ \ymbm-[n-]³. AÀtWmkv ]mXn-cnsb¡pdn-¨pÅ kndn-bIv tPmk-^nsâ Akw-_-Ô-P-Vn-e-amb taÂ{]-kvXm-h-\-bvs¡-Xnsc `mc-Xob hnNm-c-tI{µw XrÈqÀ PnÃm kanXn DS³ Xs¶ ià-ambn {]Xn-I-cn-¨p. AXpw hmÀ¯-bm-bn. CXp-I-gnªv Hcm-gvN-bv¡p-Ån a\p-jym-h-Imi I½o-j³ AwK-ambn Cäm-en-b³ KmÔn CtX "\ymbm-[n-]'sâ t]À \nÀt±-in-¨p. F¶m Imcy-§-fpsS \nP-ØnXnbdn-hp¶ ]mÀe-saâv {]Xn-]£ t\Xmhv {ioaXn kpja kzcmPv Cu \nÀt±-is¯ Kuc-h-]qÀÆw FXnÀ¯p.
tIc-f-¯nse Xncp-h-kv{X-_p-²n-Po-hn-Isf Cu kw`h hnIm-k-§Ä hf-tc-tbsd thZ-\n-¸n-¨p. C¡m-c-W-¯m-emImw Cu KW-¯nÂs¸« F. AS-¸qÀ hnNm-c-tI-{µs¯ hnaÀin¨pw dn«. PÌo-knsâ hmZ-K-Xnsb ]n´m-§nbpw ]{X-¯m-fp-I-fn A`n-{]mbw Fgp-Xp-I-bp-­m-bn. AÀtWmkv ]mXn-cn-bpsS al-Xz-tLm-jWambn-cp¶p AXv. Cu A£-cm-`ym-k-¯n\v ]n¶nepÅ Dt±-i-ssh-Ir-Xs¯ Xpd¶v Imt«-­Xv Ime-L-«-¯nsâ A\n-hm-cy-X-bm-I-bm Ipd¨v hkvXp-X-IÄ {]Xn-hmZy hnj-bhpambn _Ô-s¸«v ChnsS Ipdn-¡p-I-bm-Wv.
Ko_Âkn-b³ X{´-¯n\v Ko_Âkn-b-\p-a-¸pdw ]Ån-a-X-t¯mfw ]g-¡-ap-­v. {Inkväym-\n-än-¡p-th­n \pW-]-d-bp-¶Xpw h©n-¡p-¶Xpw km[p-hm-sW¶ kn²m´w Ft¶m Bhn-jv¡-cn-¡-s¸-«n«pÅ-Xpam-Wv. tXmam-Çol F.-Un. 52 tIc-f-¯n h¶p AÛp-X-§Ä {]hÀ¯n-¨p-sh-s¶Ãmw Xncp-k-`m-h-àm-¡Ä Bkq-{Xn-X-ambn {]N-cn-¸n-¡p-¶Xv CXn-s\m-cp-Zm-l-c-W-am-Wv. h¯n-¡m³ C{Xbpw Imew AwKo-I-cn-¡m-Xn-cp¶ Cu hc-hns\ "ssZh-¯nsâ kz´w \m«nse' Ipcn-ip-Ir-jn-¡m-cpsS A`yÀ°\am\n¨v thW-sa-¦n A§s\bpw hniz-kn-¡m-sa¶v Xncp-¯n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. k` Ah-Im-i-s¸-Sp-¶-Xp-t]msemcp skâv tXmakv tIc-f-¯n h¶n-«n-söv hkvXp-\n-jvS-N-cn{Xw hnfn-¨p-]-d-bp-t¼m-Ä X§-fpsS \ne-]m-Sns\ km[q-I-cn-¡m-\pÅ Ir{Xna sXfn-hp-Ifp­m-¡p¶ "]pWy-IÀ½'-¯n-emWv ]Ån-a-X-¯nsâ ]Xm-Im-hm-lIÀ. A\m-h-iy-ambn Hcp \ne-¡Â {]iv\anhnsS krjvSn-¡-s¸-«Xpw sslµ-h-t£-{X-[zw-k\w
\S-¯n-bXpw ad-¡m-dm-bn-«n-Ã. AXp-t]mse asäm-¶mWv Xan-gv\m-«n aZn-cm-in-bnse _nj-¸m-bn-cp¶ Acp-f¸ hÀj-§Ä¡pap¼v sNbvX IpÕn-X-Ir-Xyw. Xncp-h-Åp-hsc skâv tXmakv Bg-¯n kzm[o-\n-¨n-cp-¶p-sh¶pw Xncp¡pd F¶ al-¯mb IrXn-bn AXn-\pÅ
AS-bm-f--ap-s­¶pw Øm]n-¡-em-bn-cp¶ Cu _nj-¸nsâ Xncp-]-²-Xn. KtW-i-¿À Fs¶mcp hnZym-k-¼¶s\ hmSbvs¡Sp¯v aXw amän "BNmcyt]mfm¡n' AbmsfsIm­v Xncp-¡p-d-en ss__nÄ hmIy§Ä Xncp-In-¡-bän Ir{Xn-a-amb ]g-¡-apÅ ]pkvXIap­m¡n {]kn-²-s¸-Sp-¯-em-bn-cp¶p Acp-f-¸-bpsS ]pWy{]-hÀ¯n. ]t£ ]²Xn s]mfnªv t]meokv tIkm-hp-Ibpw AXn "BNm-cy-t]mÄ' am{Xw in£n-¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. sXäp-sN-bvX-Xn apJy
-{]-Xn-bm-sW-¦nepw _nj-¸ns\ tNmZyw -sN-¿mt\m in£n-¡mt\m atX-Xc C´y-bn \nÀÆm-l-an-ÃtÃm! \ne-¡-en ]g¡w sN¶ Ipcniv krjvSns¨Sp-¯Xpw CtX aX-_p-²n-X-s¶-bm-bn-cp-¶p F¶pam{X-aà `mc-X-¯nse Bkmw t]mepÅ aäv {]tZ-i-§-fnepw Cuhn[ kw`-h-§Ä
Ac-t§-dn-bn-«p-­v.
`mc-Xob kwkvIr-Xn-bpsS X\n-atbm aln-atbm ss{IkvXh aX-hm-Wn-`-¡mÀ AwKo-I-cn-¡p-I-tb-bn-Ã. Ah-cpsS ho£-W-¯n ChnsS X\-Xm-bn-«p-Å-sXÃmw Adp-]n-´n-cn-¸³ Bi-b-§fpw hnizm-k-§fpw BNm-cm-\p-jvTm-\-§-fp-am-Wv. A\-`n-a-X-amb Ch-sbÃmw XpS-¨p-\o¡n P\-¯n\v "shfn¨w' ]I-cm³ ]Ån-aXw {]Xn-Úm-_-²hpw. AÀtWmkv ]mXn-cn-bpsS aln-am-tLm-j-t¯bpw Cu {]Ir-X-¯nÂthWw hne-bn-cp-¯m³. Fgp-¯-Ñ-s\bpw ]q´m-\-¯n-t\bpw t]mepÅ ]pWym-ßm-¡sf XakvIcn¨p-sIm­v {io\m-cm-b-W-Kp-cp-tZ-h\pw N«-¼n-kzm-an-IÄ¡pw alm-\mb A¿-¦m-fn-¡p-saÃmw kmaqly \thm-°m-\-¯n-\pÅ t{]c-Wbpw {]tNm-Z-\hpw In«n-bXv taÂ]-dª ]mXn-cn-bn \n¶m-sW-¶tà kndn-bIv tPmk^pw AS-¸qcpw kn²m-´n-¡p-¶-Xv. ]t£ `mcXNcn{Xw ]cn-tim-[n-¡p¶ kXym-t\z-jn-IÄ¡v Is­-¯m-\m-Ip-¶Xv 2000 hÀj-t¯-sb-¦nepw ]g¡w sslµh \thm-°m-\-¯n-\p-s­-¶mWv. PmXn-hy-h-Ø-bpw AXns\ B[mc-am-¡n-bpÅ hnth-N-\hpw Bcw-`n¨ Ime-L«w sXm«p-Xs¶ Ahbv¡v {]Xn-{In-b-Ifpw ChnsS DS-se-Sp-¯n-«p-­v. `àn-{]-Øm\w hfsc ]g¡w sN¶XmsW¶v am{X-aà BtkXp-ln-am-New AXv lnµp-Xz-s¯ P\-Io-b-h-Xv¡-cn-¡p-Ibpw efn-X-h-Xv¡-cn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. D¶XIpe-¯n-epÅ P·hpw DbÀ¶ hnZym-`ymk-hp-sam-¶p-aà \nÀ½e lrZ-bhpw kl-Po-hn-kvt\-lhpw efn-X-amb `ànbpw kXv¡À½-hpw aäp-amWv kXy-km-£m-Xv¡m-c-¯n\v
A`n-Im-ay-sa¶v `àn-{]-Øm\w kaÀ°n-¨p. C§-s\-bpÅ `àn-hn-¹-¯n\v s\Sp-\m-b-IXzw hln-¨-h-cn sNcp-¸p-Ip-¯nbpw s\bv¯p-Im-c\pw £pc-I\pw N¡m-e\pw shÅm-f\pw
aäp-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶p-Xm-\pw. tIc-f-¯nse ]d-bn-s¸ä ]´o-cp-Ipe¯nsâ IY Chnsb kvac-Wo-b-am-Wv. lnµpXzwXs¶ D¶X XXz-Nn-´-bm ]mI-s¸-Sp-¯-s¸« ss{S_-en-khpw A\n-an-k-hp-am-sW¶v Hcp ]WvUn-X-aXaps­¶pw Iq«-¯n ]d-ªp-sIm-Å-s«. _mly-t{]-cW IqSmsXbpw XnI¨pw kam-[m-\-]-c-amb A´-co-£-¯nepw kzbw-`q-hm-bp-am-Wv sslµ-hÀ¡n-S-bn kmaqly \thm-°m\w F¡m-e¯pw \S-¶n-«p-Å-sX¶pw Ncn{Xw ]d-bp-¶p. F¶m adp-h-i¯v
bqtdm-]y³ Ncn{Xw ASn-h-c-bn-«p-tc-J-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn-«p-ÅXv It¯m-en¡ k` P\s¯ ]cn-jv¡-cn-¨p- F¶Ã adn¨v ]Ån-a-X-¯nsâ sImÅ-cp-Xm-bva-IÄsIm­v s]mdp-Xn-ap-«n-b -P\w A{I-am-k-à-ambn {]Xn-I-cn¨v ]Ånsb kmwkvIm-cn-I-ambn ]cn-jv¡-cn-¨p-sh-¶m-Wv. ssZh-¯n-\p-ÅXv ssZh-¯n\pw kok-dn-\p-ÅXv kok-dn\pw \ÂI-W-sa-¶mWv IÀ¯m-hnsâ Acp-f-¸m-sS-¦nepw Xncp-k` FÃm ]¦pw X§Ä¡-[o-\-am-¡p-I-bmWv sNbvX-Xv. Hcm-bncw hÀj-t¯m-f-sa-¦nepw am\-h-cm-insb k` FÃm AÀ°-¯nepw A´-Im-c-¯n Xf-¨n-«p. hnh-c-Wm-Xo-X-amb {Iqc-X-IfpsS ]cym-b-am-bn-amdn "It¯m-en¡À'.bqtdm-¸nsâ \thm-°m-\w atX-X-cXzw tZio-bX
kzX-{´-Nn´ apX-emb Bi-b-§-sfÃmw ]Ån-a-X-t¯m-SpÅ P\-Iob {]Xn-tj-[-¯nsâ
`mK-ambn BhnÀ`-hn-¨-Xm-Wv.
®-hn-th-N-\s¯ BioÀh-Zn-¡m³ Idp-¯-hÀ¤-¡m-c\v Bßm-hn-söv ss__n-fn Kth-jWw \S¯n Xncp-k` I­p-]n-Sn-¨p. hf-sc-Im-e-t¯mfw kv{XoI-fpsS ØnXnbpw
CXm-bn-cp-¶p. ASn-a-hy-h-Øsb Hcn-¡epw k` \njn-²-am-¡n-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. C¯cw "]pWy' {]hÀ¯n-I-fpsS ss]Xr-Ihpw t]dn-sIm­mWv AÀtWmkv ]mXncn tIc-f-¯n F¯n-b-Xv. F¶n«pw kz´w-Im-ense a´v ad-¨p-]n-Sn-¨p-sIm­v sslµ-h-k-aq-l-¯nse PmXn-hy-h-Ø-bvs¡-Xn-cmbn [mÀ½n-I-tcmjw {]I-Sn-¸n-¡p¶ AS-¸qÀ ]Ån-aXw PmXo-b-Xbv¡v FXncmsW¶pw kaÀ°n-¡m³ {ian-¡p-¶p. ]t£ C´y-bn aX-]-cn-hÀ¯\w kpkm-[y-am-h-W-sa-¦n ss{IkvXh kaq-l-¯nepw PmXn-hy-hØ AwKo-I-cn-¡-sa¶p IW-¡p-Iq«n A¯-c-samcp
AwKo-Imcw \ÂIn-sIm-­pÅ "_qÄ' t]m¸v {KnKdn 15þm-a³ Cd-¡p-I-bp-­m-sb¶v
[ENCYCLOPAEDIA, Britannica 11th Edition Vol. V P. 468(a)] shfn-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. ChnsS Nmt¡m
]pe-b\pw ]d-b³ tPmk^pw A[IrX ]Ån-Ifpw skan-t¯-cn-Ifpw aäp-ap-­m-bXv
C§-s\-bm-Wv.
`mc-X-¯n aX-{]-N-c-W-¯n\v h¶n-«pÅ Hcp hntZi ]mXn-cnbpw `mc-Xob coXn-b-\p-k-cn-¨pÅ ^te-Ñ-bn-Ãm¯ tkh-\-¯n-\p-th-­n-bpÅ tkh\w F¶ al-¯mb IÀ½w \nd-th-dn-bn-«n-Ã. {]kvXp-X- aXwam-ä-am-hp¶ Nq­-bn sImcp-¯n« Cc-bm-bn-cp¶p AhÀ¡v tkh-\-hpw \thm-°m\ {ia-§-fp-sa-Ãmw. k`-IfnhnsS hnZym-e-b-§fpw Bip-]-{Xn-Ifpw aäpw Øm]n¨v hen-sbmcp amä-¯n\v cmk-Xz-c-I-Xz-ta-In-sb¶v hmZn-¡p-am-bn-cn¡mw ]t£ tZio-b-amb
hnZym-`ymk sshZy-k-{¼-Zm-b-§sf Bkq-{Xn-X-ambn XIÀs¯-dn-ª-Xn\v tij-am-bn-cp¶p
AsX-Ãm-sa¶v \mw Xncn-¨-dn-b-Ww. sImtfm-Wn-b iàn-IÄ ChnsS A[n-Im-c-ap-d-¸n¨
Ime-L-«-¯n hnZym-`ymk cwK¯pw ImÀjnI cwK¯pw hymh-km-bnI cwK-¯p-saÃmw
bqtdm-¸n-t\-¡mÄ F{Xtbm ap³]-´n-bn-em-bn-cp-¶p. \½psS A¶s¯ apÀjn-Zm-_mZv
\Kcw t]mepw e­-t\-¡mÄ hep-Xm-bn-cp-¶p-sh¶v tdm_À«v ss¢hv tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn-«p-­v.  Ch-sbÃmw thtcmsS ]ngp-sX-dnªv kz´w Irjn-bn-d-¡p-I-bmWv
sshtZ-inI iàn-Ifpw Ah-cpsS lnXm-\p-hÀ¯n-I-fmb ]Ån-aX hàm-¡fpw ChnsS sNbvX-Xv. F¶n«pw `mc-Xo-bsc \m\m-hn[¯n "tkhn¨'-Xnsâ alXzw Ah-Im-i-s¸«v \S-¡p-I-bmWv AS-¸q-cn-s\-t]m-epÅ ]WvUnX ]Sp-¡Ä. imkv{X-¯nsâ hnIm-ks¯ izmkw-ap-«n-¨p-sIm-Ãm³ Bhp-hn[w {ian-¨p-]-cm-P-b-s¸-«-t¸mÄ imkv{X-¯nsâ t\«-§sf {InÌym-\n-än-bpsS t\«-§-fmbn Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xp-t]m-se-bm-Wn-Xv. B[p-\nI imkv{Xs¯ {InÌy³ kb³kv F¶p-t]mepw Dfp-¸n-ÃmsX C¡q-«À hnti-jn-¸n-¡p-¶p-­v. Gjy-¡m-c-\mb tbip-{In-kvXp-hns\
bqtdm-¸y-\m¡n amän-bn-«p-Å-hÀ¡v Acp-Xm-¯-Xm-bn-H-¶p-an-Ã-tÃm.
AssZz-X-ZÀi-\-¯n-e-[n-jvTn-X-amb ka-Xz-Nn-´bpw kmaqly \thm-°m-\-hp-am-bn-cp¶p
Kpcp-tZ-h-tâ-Xv. Ime-{]-hm-l-¯n ASn-ªp-Iq-Sp¶ amen-\y-§-Ä \o¡n k\m-X\ [À½s¯ ip²o-I-cn-¡m\pw ]pjvSn-s¸-Sp-¯m\pw `mc-X-a-®n F¡m-e¯pw al-ßm-¡Ä C§s\ DZbw sNbvXn-«p-ap-­v. Hcp-]m-Xn-cn-bp-tSbpw t{]c-Wtbm t{]Xm-th-itam C¡m-cy-¯n-\m-h-iy-ambn
h¶n-«n-Ã. N«-¼n-kzm-an-I-fm-sW-¦ntem {InkvXp-a-X-tÑ-Z\w Fs¶mcp ]pkvX-I-sa-gp-Xn-bn-«p-ÅXpw hmbn-¨m t_m[n¡pw ]Ån-a-Xhpw AÀtWmkv ]mXn-cnbpw At±-l-¯n sNep-¯nb "kzm[o\w'. dn«. PÌokv kndn-bIv tPmk^pw ^m. AS-¸qcpw AÀtWmkv ]mXn-cnsb hmgv¯m-\mbn hkvXp-X-Isf hf-s¨m-Sn-¨v sslµ-hm-Nm-cy-·m-scbpw lnµp-kw-kvIr-Xntbbpw CI-gv¯n-ImWn¨v {]N-cn-¸n-¡p¶ hnip² IÅw kmwkvImcnI A[n-\nthi¯nt³dXmWv.

kn. lcn-l-c³
(PnÃm {Sj-dÀ, `mc-Xob hnNm-c-tI-{µw, XrÈqÀ)


Published in KESARI Weakly 02 June 2013

 

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